Bali, Indonesia - 2008
Avian influenza has been reported in 31 of Indonesia's 33 provinces. The virus is endemic in Java, Sumatra, Bali and southern Sulawesi, with sporadic outbreaks reported from other areas. Indonesia is the nation worst affected by bird flu and has struggled to contain the virus. Until April 2008 Bird flu has infected 132 Indonesians, killing 107 of them, which is the highest death toll in the world.
Almost all infected people are thought to have contracted the disease from poultry. About twenty percent of the chicken population of 1.4 billion is scattered in around 30 million backyards, where people raise poultry for food or income.